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There are several types of hysterectomy procedures, ranging from minimally invasive with no abdominal incisions or very small incisions, to more invasive procedures requiring larger incisions. The type of procedure that's best for each patient is determined by numerous factors including the patient's history and pelvic conditions.

Total Vaginal Hysterectomy
The least invasive is Total Vaginal Hysterectomy (TVH). This option is often used for patients with prior vaginal deliveries and otherwise normal pelvic findings. As the name suggests, the uterus is removed through the vagina with no external abdominal incisions. While recovery time varies with each patient, most patients can return to normal activities within two to three weeks. In many cases, this procedure can be performed as an outpatient surgery.

Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy
In this procedure, small incisions are made in the abdomen for the insertion of laparoscopic tools, which are used to examine the uterus and other internal structures. The uterus is then surgically separated and removed through the vagina. The cervix is removed along with the uterus. While recovery time varies with each patient, most patients return to normal activity within two weeks. In many cases, this procedure can be performed as an outpatient surgery.

Abdominal Hysterectomy
An Abdominal Hysterectomy (AH) is the most invasive method. It requires a longer hospital stay and recovery period. AH may be indicated for patients with a large uterus and/or other complicated pelvic findings. 


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