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Essentia Health
We are honored and privileged to welcome the Mid Dakota Clinic family to Essentia Health.
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Infertility treatment is available for couples who have unsuccessfully tried conceiving for one year or more. Our OB/GYN doctors can do an initial evaluation and begin treatment. If more assistance is needed, your doctor can refer you to a reproductive endocrinologist to provide you with additional fertility care. Ask your doctor to learn more about options that work best for you.
What is Fertility?
The journey to conception includes several steps. An egg is released from a woman's ovaries and travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus. Along the way, a man's sperm fertilizes the egg. The fertilized egg then attaches to the uterus. This natural process can be interrupted in a number of ways, inhibiting conception.

What is Infertility?
The American Society for Reproductive Medicine defines infertility as a disease of the reproductive system that impairs the body's ability to perform the basic functions of reproduction. Infertility is also defined as not being able to conceive despite trying for one year. In addition, the inability to carry a pregnancy to full term is a form of infertility.

  • Infertility affects about 10% of the U.S. population, or 6.1 million people
  • Infertility affects men and women equally
  • 85-90% of infertility is treated with conventional methods, such as medication or surgery
  • In a few cases, advanced treatment called Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is required
Infertility in a woman is most often caused by an ovulation disorder. Pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis can also contribute to infertility. Lifestyle factors, such as weight, stress, diet, or athletic training can affect a woman's hormonal balance and decrease the chance of becoming pregnant. In rare cases, serious medical problems, such as pituitary tumors, can contribute to ovulation problems.

Male infertility most often involves low sperm counts or the inability to produce sperm. In some cases, sperm cells are malformed or die before they reach the egg. Genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis or an abnormality in the chromosomes, may also contribute to male infertility.


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