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Multiple sclerosis is a condition in which the central nervous system attacks myelin, which is the protective sheath that surrounds and protects nerve fibers. As the disease progresses, it may start damaging the nerves themselves as well. This damage interferes with communication between the brain and the rest of the body. Symptoms vary widely, and can include tingling or numbness in the face and extremities, weakness, fatigue, difficulty walking, involuntary muscle spasms, blurred vision, dizziness, difficulty in speaking or swallowing, and cognitive changes, such as memory difficulties.

Many patients may experience periods of “relapse and remission,” with symptoms abating in the remission period and then unpredictably flaring up in relapse periods. Medications prescribed for multiple sclerosis vary with the type of the disease and the severity of the symptoms. Rehabilitative therapy can also help address both the physical and cognitive symptoms, with programs that maintain or improve mobility, memory, and aid in speaking and swallowing.

For more information visit:
National Multiple Sclerosis Society

 

 

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